Transit Oriented Development and Sustainable Cities
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Transit Oriented Development and Sustainable Cities

Economics, Community and Methods

Edited by Richard D. Knowles and Fiona Ferbrache

This book provides new dimensions and a contemporary focus on sustainable transport, urban regeneration and development in eight countries spanning four continents at different stages of development. It examines the role of transit oriented development (TOD) in improving urban sustainability and providing different transport choices, exploring how these can be implemented in modern cities.
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Chapter 8: Neighbourhood change around heavy rail transit stations: the case of three US cities

Adam Miner, Elizabeth C. Delmelle and Isabelle Nilsson

Abstract

This chapter examines neighbourhood change surrounding rail transit stops in three United States cities by using k-means cluster analysis and Markov chains to study neighbourhood class transitions pre and post the opening of a station. Overall, the results suggest that neighbourhoods near transit are more likely to experience densification. The results also suggest that neighbourhoods are more likely to stay poor if they had high levels of poverty before the opening of a station, compared to non-transit neighbourhoods. If experiencing economic ascent, neighbourhoods are also likely to experience an increase in educational attainment and a reduction in median age. These patterns are particularly pronounced in transit oriented development (TOD) neighbourhoods compared to transit adjacent development (TAD) neighbourhoods.

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