Transit Oriented Development and Sustainable Cities
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Transit Oriented Development and Sustainable Cities

Economics, Community and Methods

Edited by Richard D. Knowles and Fiona Ferbrache

This book provides new dimensions and a contemporary focus on sustainable transport, urban regeneration and development in eight countries spanning four continents at different stages of development. It examines the role of transit oriented development (TOD) in improving urban sustainability and providing different transport choices, exploring how these can be implemented in modern cities.
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Chapter 11: The assessment of transit oriented developments using microsimulation models

Tara Tanoz-Sargeant

Abstract

Liveable and sustainable cities are the key focus of urban planning in the twenty-first century, leading to policies to reduce car use, increase the model share of public transport and promote sustainable forms of transport. High-density mixed-use developments are a common and convenient design option, integrating sustainable modes of transport. Assessment and comparison of transit oriented developments (TODs) can improve existing areas, determine the best approach and allow better urban designs in the future. This chapter looks at some existing ways in which to assess a TOD, briefly examining progression of assessment methods, various indicators available, and methods currently used by academics and within the urban and transport planning industry. Following this, microsimulation modelling is introduced as an additional concept that could be used to assess TODs using vehicle, pedestrian and combined microsimulation models. The role of visual presentation of results can help to sway policy-makers and stakeholders. With no existing TOD modelling criteria or guidance, there is scope for these to be developed by stakeholders, experienced modellers and members of the academic community. Sustainability is a key agenda in most environmental and government strategies, providing a holistic assessment method would enable faster improvements to urban areas.

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