China-European Union Investment Relationships
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China-European Union Investment Relationships

Towards a New Leadership in Global Investment Governance?

Edited by Julien Chaisse

Based on original research, and bringing together expert contributors, this book provides a critical analysis of the current law and policy between the EU and China, both internally and internationally. Covering key topics on the subject, this book draws together diverse perspectives into a single collection, and is an invaluable tool for both scholars and practitioners of trade and investment law, as well as human rights and environmental law and policy.
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Chapter 8: Investor nationality and the definition of investment: policy options to limit the practice of ‘treaty shopping’

Jorun Baumgartner


This chapter assesses States’ policy options to limit the practice of treaty shopping in new IIAs, focusing on the definitions of investor and investment. To this end, after defining the relevant scenarios of treaty shopping, exploring the reasons for its occurrence and explaining the relevance of refined investor and investment definitions in a prospective China-EU BIT, this contribution will address the legal issues arising with respect to the investor and investment definitions, discuss relevant arbitral practice and examine EU and Chinese IIA practice in this regard. It will show that careful treaty drafting, containing a higher degree of clarity as to the key definitions, can go a long way toward ensuring that only those investors and investments contemplated by the negotiating parties will benefit from treaty protection.

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