Edited by Ben Saul
Chapter 5: Maritime terrorism in international law
Since 9/11 there have been numerous incidents highlighting the potential threats to international peace and security posed by the asymmetrical dangers of maritime terrorism and the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). The protection of international shipping from such threats is of great importance, given that over 90 per cent of the world’s goods are transported by sea. It is against this background that this chapter discusses the question of international terrorism at sea. Its purpose is to present the legal frameworks of the various initiatives that states and the international community have taken to counter these threats to international peace and security. Special emphasis will be placed upon the relevant legal bases that international law, including the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and the 2005 Protocol to the Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts at Sea (2005 SUA Protocol) affords for maritime interception operations to this end. Also, other measures taken by international organizations, such as the United Nations, the International Maritime Organization and NATO as well as unilateral initiatives like the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) will be addressed.
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