Edited by Lucyna Czechowska, Andriy Tyushka, Agata Domachowska, Karolina Gawron-Tabor and Joanna Piechowiak-Lamparska
Chapter 16: Macroeconomic convergence and the strategic (ir)relevance trap in the CAN–Brazilian interactionism
The economic convergence agenda has tied the Andean Community and Brazil in their effort to economically integrate the grand region and project a strong regional identity as well as influence. The nature of CAN–Brazilian partnership finely reflects this dynamic: having started with the Fixed Tariff Preferences Agreement, the CAN–Brazilian relationship was later on enhanced by the Economic Complementation Agreement and consecutively upgraded to Brazil’s association with the Andean Community in 2005. Since then, some progress in extending this bilateral relationship beyond the economic convergence agenda has been recorded. However, the CAN–Brazilian bilateralism remains rather low-profile and largely overshadowed by all CAN member states’ associate membership in Mercosur, where Brazil plays the leading role. Moreover, the partnership is persistently challenged by regional-specifics-induced preference for old-style inter-state bilateralism.
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