The chapter focuses on seven couples with non-normative work-care-plans in the Czech Republic. In the Czech context, the term non-normative refers to couples in which the mother-to-be planned to return to work within one year upon giving birth, irrespective of whether the father supported the mother’s active participation in the labour market. Their parental experiences were related with experiences of their more normative peers from our research sample. The various expectations and plans mentioned during pregnancy were compared with the subsequent reality of the first one-and-a-half years of parenthood. The study of the women’s professional lives following the transition to motherhood included a number of linked topics such as normative parental roles, the labour market and employment conditions, and family and non-family childcare. The analysis revealed that non-normative couples with working mothers were often confronted with conservative norms supporting family childcare and the complementary division of parental roles.
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