Understanding Lived Experiences
Edited by Emma Bell, Sorin Gog, Anca Simionca and Scott Taylor
Chapter 3: Expressive individualism in the new spirit of capitalism: mindfulness and outdoor management development
In several management training programmes, the prevalence of expressive individualism and its central value of authenticity can be observed. ‘Authentic leadership’, outdoor management development (OMD) as a way to uncover your personal leadership style, mindfulness or other spiritual courses to rediscover yourself are no exceptions in the sphere of work today. This is framed as part of a broader ‘new spirit of capitalism’ in organizations in contrast with older spirits that emphasize utility and control. Some authors in organization studies point out that authenticity can become a new mechanism of control. However, it remains unclear whether this is always the case and, if so, which forms this control takes. In this chapter, we ask the question as to how people interpret and apply expressive individualism in management training programmes that relate to the work context. Two of these work-related courses were studied by means of participant observation and in-depth interviews, a mindfulness and an OMD course. Thirty course members of a mindfulness programme and 15 middle managers that participated in an OMD programme were interviewed. On the basis of Merton’s anomie typology, four categories of applying expressive individualism in the organizational context could be distinguished. This typology forms an addition to the literature in the sense that it shows a diversity of applications of expressive individualism as a mechanism of organizational control. On the other hand it shows that there is also a more critical interpretation of expressive individualism as a search for authenticity beyond the neoliberal organization.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.