Innovation Addressing Climate Change Challenges
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Innovation Addressing Climate Change Challenges

Market-Based Perspectives

Edited by Mona Hymel, Larry Kreiser, Janet E. Milne and Hope Ashiabor

Although the world faces many environmental challenges, climate change continues to demand attention. This timely book explores ways in which market-based instruments and complementary policies can help countries meet their climate change goals. The chapters explore carbon pricing and other tax and non-tax measures, offering useful market-based perspectives that can help inform the many climate policy decisions that lie ahead.
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Chapter 3: Towards bottom-up carbon pricing in Canada

Takeshi Kawakatsu and Sven Rudolph


The Paris Agreement urgently needs underpinning by ambitious domestic policies. Greenhouse gas (GHG) pricing is still promising and has been spreading, but implementation barriers are still high. The US and Canada have shown that sub-national pricing is a viable alternative to national action. But, with the politics remaining unpredictable, Canada might rise to be the new leader in market-based climate policy from the bottom up. Against this background we analyze Canadian provinces’ approaches to GHG pricing. We use Sustainability Economics, Public Choice, New Environmental Federalism, and Polycentrism arguments as a basis and then study the British Columbia Carbon Tax and the Québec and Ontario Cap-and-Trade Programs. We mainly show that tailor-made sub-national GHG pricing is a viable strategy and that province programs are comparatively well designed and might even trigger national level action.

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