Informed Consent and Health
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Informed Consent and Health

A Global Analysis

Edited by Thierry Vansweevelt and Nicola Glover-Thomas

Informed consent is the legal instrument that purports to protect an individual’s autonomy and defends against medical arbitrariness. This illuminating book investigates our evolving understanding of informed consent from a range of comparative and international perspectives, demonstrating the diversity of its interpretations around the world. Chapters offer a nuanced analysis of the problems that impede the understanding and implementation of the concept of informed consent and explore the contemporary challenges that continue to hinder both the patient and the medical community.
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Chapter 10: Informed consent in Germany

Benedikt Buchner

Abstract

Under German law, consent will be valid only if the physician has provided the patient with the necessary information to take an informed decision. Only an informed patient can exercise his or her right to self-determination in a reasonable manner. German medical law traditionally differentiates between information for safety purposes and information for purposes of self-determination. Only information for purposes of self-determination is a prerequisite for the validity of informed consent; its content is focused on the risks of the proposed medical intervention. Information for safety purposes, by contrast, is a necessary part of the professional medical treatment itself and includes all information required to ensure a successful outcome and the compliance of the patient. The capacity to consent to treatment depends on the patient’s capacity to understand the information provided by the physician. A medical intervention performed without valid consent of the patient is unlawful and constitutes a violation of contractual duties as well as a personal injury.

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