Research Handbook on Start-Up Incubation Ecosystems
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Research Handbook on Start-Up Incubation Ecosystems

Edited by Adam Novotny, Einar Rasmussen, Tommy H. Clausen and Johan Wiklund

This insightful and comprehensive Handbook explores the concept of start-up incubation ecosystems, investigating the various factors that interact to provide a nurturing environment suitable for the successful development of start-ups and illustrating the critical part this plays within entrepreneurial ecosystems. Chapters include literature reviews, theoretical studies, and empirical research featuring both quantitative and qualitative methods, using data from a range of countries analyzed by an international team of authors.
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Chapter 4: In support of university spinoffs – what drives the organizational design of technology transfer ecosystems?

Matthew Good and Mirjam Knockaert

Abstract

Universities are increasingly recognizing their entrepreneurial role, in which they actively engage in the transfer of knowledge through the establishment of university spin-offs. Following this evolution, technology transfer (TT) ecosystems within or close to many research universities have developed, uniting organizational entities (e.g. TT offices, incubators, etc.) that support entrepreneurial and startup activities. However, little research has empirically studied the TT ecosystem holistically. Using a qualitative case study approach, we compare the TT ecosystems at eight universities to understand how the characteristics of TT ecosystems differ between universities and what factors drive this variation. Specifically, we use an organizational design theoretical perspective to elucidate the activities, structure, purpose and people of TT ecosystems. Our findings point to variations between TT ecosystems, which we relate to several core drivers at the micro-, meso- and macro-levels. These drivers are important mechanisms for influencing the design of TT ecosystems to improve their effectiveness.

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