Research Handbook on Start-Up Incubation Ecosystems
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Research Handbook on Start-Up Incubation Ecosystems

Edited by Adam Novotny, Einar Rasmussen, Tommy H. Clausen and Johan Wiklund

This insightful and comprehensive Handbook explores the concept of start-up incubation ecosystems, investigating the various factors that interact to provide a nurturing environment suitable for the successful development of start-ups and illustrating the critical part this plays within entrepreneurial ecosystems. Chapters include literature reviews, theoretical studies, and empirical research featuring both quantitative and qualitative methods, using data from a range of countries analyzed by an international team of authors.
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Chapter 12: A comparative analysis of USA enterprise support organizations for conscious capitalism and conventional capitalism

Kerul Kassel, Shelley F. Mitchell and Guénola Nonet Abord-Hugon


In order to gain a better understanding of Start-Up Incubation Ecosystems (SUPIEs) and contribute to this field, our research examines different types of Enterprise Support Organizations (ESOs) involving principles for conscious capitalism. Our review of the existing literature to date identified a gap in that very little theoretical and empirical research has been dedicated to defining these new types of ESOs (Levinsohn, 2015).  Two specific types of ESOs were studied: those that strive to support conscious capitalism and those supporting conventional capitalism, all located in the United States market. This chapter investigates how they describe their identity, their main characteristics and how they operate. The pronounced differences between the ESO groups occurred in how they articulated purposes and degree of stakeholder inclusion and values. Other distinguishing differences were the level of emphasis placed on the triple bottom line, certain success criteria and the time length ESOs supported their clients.

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