Research Handbook on Start-Up Incubation Ecosystems
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Research Handbook on Start-Up Incubation Ecosystems

Edited by Adam Novotny, Einar Rasmussen, Tommy H. Clausen and Johan Wiklund

This insightful and comprehensive Handbook explores the concept of start-up incubation ecosystems, investigating the various factors that interact to provide a nurturing environment suitable for the successful development of start-ups and illustrating the critical part this plays within entrepreneurial ecosystems. Chapters include literature reviews, theoretical studies, and empirical research featuring both quantitative and qualitative methods, using data from a range of countries analyzed by an international team of authors.
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Chapter 15: Outsider support, firm births and outcomes

Lars Kolvereid and Espen J. Isaksen

Abstract

The objective of this study is to explore the relationship between outsider support in terms of financial capital and advice and new firm birth and subsequent firm outcomes. Financing and advice constitute key parts of an entrepreneurial ecosystem. We compare government support with financing and advice obtained from banks. Data for this study relates to 1,048 entries in a Norwegian business register during four weeks in 2002. We received follow-up data from the Norwegian tax authorities in 2016 concerning information on firm outcomes. The findings indicate that receiving capital and good advice from banks is more strongly related to firm birth than obtaining government capital and advice. Further, receiving bank financing and advice is positively related to several subsequent firm outcomes, but receiving government support is not related to such outcomes.

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