Chapter 20: The university ecosystem and the internationalization of spin-off firms
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Based on a sample of 224 university spin-offs (USOs) established at 16 Norwegian universities, this chapter studies whether and to what extent the university as an academic entrepreneurial ecosystem may support the internationalization of the firms that it spins out. We argue that both the size of the university ecosystem and its international orientation provide USOs with resources that are important for them to internationalize. Logistic regressions suggest that more internationally oriented university ecosystems have greater likelihood to spin out firms that internationalize. The international mobility of scientists has a stronger effect on USO internationalization than the international mobility of students. University ecosystem size has no significant effect on USO internationalization. We also discuss our findings and contributions, the limitations of our study, and some possibilities for further research.

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