Research Handbook on Start-Up Incubation Ecosystems
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Research Handbook on Start-Up Incubation Ecosystems

Edited by Adam Novotny, Einar Rasmussen, Tommy H. Clausen and Johan Wiklund

This insightful and comprehensive Handbook explores the concept of start-up incubation ecosystems, investigating the various factors that interact to provide a nurturing environment suitable for the successful development of start-ups and illustrating the critical part this plays within entrepreneurial ecosystems. Chapters include literature reviews, theoretical studies, and empirical research featuring both quantitative and qualitative methods, using data from a range of countries analyzed by an international team of authors.
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Chapter 23: Motivating universities to support spin-off firms: Stakeholders and start-up incubation ecosystems

Einar Rasmussen, Paul Benneworth and Magnus Gulbrandsen


Some universities and departments constitute supportive environments for the creation of successful university spin-off firms (USOs). How universities support USOs has been frequently studied, but in this chapter we argue that it is difficult to transfer successful blueprints from one context to another without understanding why universities support USOs and what these firms need. We discuss the entrepreneurial competencies needed by USOs and the universities’ motivation to spend scarce resources on supporting USOs. We arrive at an understanding of a wider start-up incubation ecosystem (SUPIE) for USOs where universities provide complex services influenced by a variety of stakeholders. We outline the scope for future research and policy where USOs are understood as a stakeholder for the university, with relationships to a wider network of stakeholders, that together form a SUPIE.

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