Research Handbook on Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies
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Research Handbook on Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies

A Contextualized Approach

Edited by Paresha Sinha, Jenny Gibb, Michèle Akoorie and Jonathan M. Scott

This Research Handbook offers contextualized perspectives on entrepreneurship in emerging economies. Emphasizing how national context profoundly shapes incentives for entrepreneurial efforts, chapters dissect the opportunities emerging from various institutions and social practices from the Middle East, North and Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America. This Handbook is an ideal guide for researchers working on emerging economies, particularly those with an interest in global entrepreneurship.
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Chapter 18: Entrepreneurial resilience in turbulent environments: the role of spiritual capital

Oluwaseun Kolade, Abiodun Egbetokun, David Rae and Javed Hussain

Abstract

Increasingly, businesses in the 21st century have to grapple with the challenges of operating in turbulent environments characterized by market volatility, political instability, and terrorism. Recently, a new interest has emerged in the role of spiritual capital – that is, the set of personal, intangible, and transcendent resources that emanate from an individual’s spiritual or religious beliefs and experiences and that may be used in economic activity. Spiritual capital is especially relevant in sub-Saharan Africa where there are greater institutional voids, and religion and spirituality play a dominant role in society. This chapter proposes a conceptual framework that interrogates and integrates the relationships between spiritual capital, environmental turbulence, entrepreneurial resilience and firm survival. Finally, we test this theoretical model in an empirical study of 306 SMEs in Nigeria. The results of the hierarchical regression model indicate that faith beliefs have significant impact on entrepreneurial resilience, but prayer and worship do not.

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