The External Dimension of EU Agencies and Bodies
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The External Dimension of EU Agencies and Bodies

Law and Policy

Edited by Herwig C.H. Hofmann, Ellen Vos and Merijn Chamon

This timely book addresses urgent questions about the external actions of the EU’s decentralized agencies and their effects, such as how they should be conceptualized and assessed, and how these agencies can and should be governed in the future. Bringing together pioneering interdisciplinary work from European legal and political scholars, the book combines theory with empirical case studies to explore an underdeveloped field and identify a future research agenda.
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Chapter 3: The cooperation between the European Border and Coast Guard Agency and third countries according to the new Frontex Regulation: legal and practical implications

Florin Coman-Kund


This chapter examines Frontex’s international cooperation legal framework and practice, and finds that both the former and current Frontex founding regulations explicitly make the scope of the international cooperation pursued by the agency subject to its technical-operational role and dependent on EU external relations policy. The 2016 Frontex Regulation largely maintains the design of the agency’s international dimension based on the previous legal framework, but also extends Frontex’s external powers in parallel with reinforcing the system of safeguards and controls over its cooperation activities with third countries. It arguably makes further improvements by ensuring that the agency pays due consideration to fundamental rights in its cooperation with third countries. Nonetheless, the current legal framework also raises a number of questions regarding the agency’s operations in third countries and effective scrutiny over Frontex’s international cooperation, including monitoring compliance with fundamental rights, legal review and individual protection.

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