Between Utopia and Ideology
Edited by Sakari Hänninen, Kirsi-Marja Lehtelä and Paula Saikkonen
Chapter 6: Nordic welfare states, trust and the rights discourse: the history of the children’s day care system in Finland
According to Toomas Kotkas, the idea of Nordic social security and social welfare systems is a result of a practical moral-political discourse based on the idea that everyone must be included in society. From this perspective, society at large has been viewed as responsible for taking care of all its members. Since the 1990s, the human and individual rights discourse has gained strength in all Nordic countries. This has also had an impact on constitutional social rights. In some countries, such as Finland and Norway, new social rights provisions have been amended in the constitution. The article scrutinises how different dimensions of trust have manifested themselves in the history of children’s day care system in Finland and how the strengthened rights discourse has influenced in the emphasis of these dimensions.
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