A Global Perspective
Edited by Sarfraz A. Mian, Magnus Klofsten and Wadid Lamine
Chapter 13: Emergence and development of entrepreneurship and innovation intermediaries: the case of business incubators in Japan
Chapter 13 provides an overview of the Japanese incubation policy scenario where incubators act as intermediaries in the broader regional innovation ecosystem. According to the author, the initial private sector attempts in the early 1980s to establish incubation programs were unsuccessful because of the system failures rendering the public sector a key founder of new wave of incubators. The resulting policy changes rapidly increased incubators until early 2000s under regional development policies that aimed to reallocate high-tech agglomerations without focusing sectoral opportunities. New macroeconomic challenges in the 1990s forced policymakers to reach out to individual entrepreneurs, with a fundamental shift from hard support to soft support measures. The last 3 decades of results suggest that policy goals and support instruments had changed according to changes in the system requirements.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.