Edited by Ruth Towse and Trilce Navarrete Hernández
Chapter 42: Non-profit organizations
The non-profit organizational structure is essential to the cultural sector, although this importance varies across different countries. It is especially vital in the USA, where the historic direct role of government in financing arts and culture has been limited. The essential characteristics of non-profit firms are identified, and important variations across different countries, including how they are distinct from the state, are identified. Important challenges facing non-profit managers are also identified, and the some of the effects on organizational behaviour of having to rely upon a large variety of funding sources are discussed. Statistical descriptions of the non-profit sector in the USA, including performing arts organizations and museums, along with narrower descriptions focused on art museums are provided, and where possible, comparisons are made over time, and internationally.
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