The Micro-Politics of Economic International Organizations
Edited by David Dolowitz, Magdaléna Hadjiisky and Romuald Normand
Chapter 3: Neoliberalism and the 'think-tank' image fallacy: a sociological exploration of homologies of structuration inside the OECD, EU, and governments
Do the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) or the European Commission (EC) inspire the neoliberal labour market and social ‘reforms’ in OECD/European countries? This question underlies a very common and attractive issue that the chapter examines as an intellectualistic or idealistic causal imagery: the ‘think-tank image’. In contrast, a sociological investigation of the socioeconomic programmes of the OECD and the EC in the two decades since 1990, and despite their own specificity, shows homologous and connected circuits of production and legitimation marked by the domination of governments and these organizations’ ‘economic’ sectors over ‘social’ sectors. This contribution thus takes seriously the process of isomorphic differentiation between the ‘economic’ and the ‘social’ that has over the long term been pursued by Western states, which affects transgovernmental spaces and informs in this case on the paths of making and of dissemination of neoliberal public ideas and policies.
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