Governing Marine Living Resources in the Polar Regions
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Governing Marine Living Resources in the Polar Regions

Edited by Nengye Liu, Cassandra M. Brooks and Tianbao Qin

Bringing together leading scholars from across a diverse range of disciplines, this unique book examines a key question: How can we best conserve marine living resources in the polar regions, where climate change effects and human activities are particularly pressing?
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Chapter 2: The principles of the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources: why its Commission is not a Regional Fisheries Management Organisation

Anthony J. Press, Indi Hodgson-Johnston and Andrew J. Constable

Abstract

The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CAMLR Convention) has established world benchmarks for the conduct and management of fisheries. It is often used as an exemplar of fisheries ‘best practice’. The Convention is part of the Antarctic Treaty System, and is therefore not established under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, nor is it part of the United Nations treaty system. This chapter explores the origins of the CAMLR Convention as direct consequence of the deliberations of the Antarctic Treaty Parties. The Convention stands apart from agreements that establish Regional Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMOs) in that its purpose is conservation, not the sustainable harvesting of fish. We conclude that a purposive, objective, and plain reading of the Convention, a detailed understanding of its genesis, and the practice of CCAMLR itself, all demonstrate that the Convention is a conservation instrument which, inter alia, provides for the regulation of fisheries.

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