Edited by Nengye Liu, Cassandra M. Brooks and Tianbao Qin
Chapter 4: Geopolitical complexity at the bottom of the world: CCAMLR’s ongoing challenge of adopting marine protected areas
Based on interviews with CCAMLR diplomats and scientists from the 24 Member States to understand the barriers to negotiation and adoption of CCAMLR MPAs proposals, this chapter focuses on the time period through the 2015 CCAMLR annual meeting, and reveals that CCAMLR MPA process has been divisive in recent years. Brooks gives several reasons regarding this divisiveness, including: procedural issues surrounding the MPA policy process; economic trade-offs in the perceived costs and benefits over MPAs and fisheries access; internal institutional issues within CCAMLR (e.g., interpretations of ‘rational use’); and, external issues that occur outside of CCAMLR, yet alter the dynamics of negotiations within CCAMLR (e.g., global level international relations).
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