An Intertwined Relationship
Edited by Annalisa Ciampi
Chapter 5: ’Treaty after trauma’: 'protection for all' in the Fourth Geneva Convention
This chapter examines how the drafters of the Fourth Geneva Convention for Civilians (‘GC-IV’) extended its ratione personae so that no person could be beyond its basic protective scope, as implied by the provisions of its Common Article 3. Based upon hitherto unpublished sources from French, Bulgarian, ICRC and World Jewish Congress archives, it traces the evolvement of the ‘protection for all’ principle, from the Civilian Convention’s very first blueprint uncovered here, through the World Jewish Congress’ interventions on behalf of civilians targeted by their own governments in 1948 in Stockholm, and up to the Soviet bloc’s unwavering support for this idea at the 1949 Geneva Conference of Plenipotentiaries. Correspondingly, this chapter recalibrates our understanding of the paramount role played by the Soviet bloc in the securement of Common Article 3’s provisions and refutes a commonly-held perception that the Soviet participation in GC-IV’s drafting was solely intended for propaganda purposes.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.