Research Handbook on Human Rights and Poverty
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Research Handbook on Human Rights and Poverty

Edited by Martha F. Davis, Morten Kjaerum and Amanda Lyons

This important Research Handbook explores the nexus between human rights, poverty and inequality as a critical lens for understanding and addressing key challenges of the coming decades, including the objectives set out in the Sustainable Development Goals. The Research Handbook starts from the premise that poverty is not solely an issue of minimum income and explores the profound ways that deprivation and distributive inequality of power and capability relate to economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights.
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Chapter 3: Current perspectives on global poverty: rights, capabilities and social exclusion

Ayşe Buğra

Abstract

In this chapter, three currently dominant theoretical perspectives on poverty are discussed in light of the changing character of global poverty in the post-Second World War period. The capability, social exclusion and human rights perspectives are examined by drawing attention to the differences and similarities between the ways they address the questions which are salient in the contemporary poverty debate. The questions that are addressed pertain to the meaning and measurement of poverty in its relationship with growth, employment and inequality, the differences and similarities between the manifestation and underlying causes of poverty in the North and in the South and the possibility of approaching the problem in these two contexts by using similar terms and tools of analysis, the role of international relations in the persistence of poverty in the South, and the relative responsibilities of national governments, rich countries and international organizations in poverty alleviation.

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