Research Handbook on Human Rights and Poverty
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Research Handbook on Human Rights and Poverty

Edited by Martha F. Davis, Morten Kjaerum and Amanda Lyons

This important Research Handbook explores the nexus between human rights, poverty and inequality as a critical lens for understanding and addressing key challenges of the coming decades, including the objectives set out in the Sustainable Development Goals. The Research Handbook starts from the premise that poverty is not solely an issue of minimum income and explores the profound ways that deprivation and distributive inequality of power and capability relate to economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights.
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Chapter 12: Assessing racialized poverty: the case of Romani people in the European Union

Margareta Matache and Simona Barbu

Abstract

The Gross Domestic Product of the European Union is the second largest in the world. However, an average of 80 percent of Romani people interviewed in a 2016_survey by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights live below their country’s at-risk-of-poverty threshold, compared to 17 percent of the majority populations. And although income poverty captures only one dimension of Roma poverty, it still signals injustice and inequality. In this chapter, we discuss poverty through the lens of justice, focusing on structural racism, wealth gap, and racialized neighborhoods. We call for a focus on racism, state-sponsored injustices, and wealth gap, as fundamental elements in the research and policy agendas focusing on racialized poverty. We argue that policies taking a justice approach - economic justice, healthy environments and environmental justice, racial and reparatory justice - may better address income and wealth poverty and racial injustice and inequalities.

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