Edited by Martha F. Davis, Morten Kjaerum and Amanda Lyons
Chapter 12: Assessing racialized poverty: the case of Romani people in the European Union
The Gross Domestic Product of the European Union is the second largest in the world. However, an average of 80 percent of Romani people interviewed in a 2016_survey by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights live below their country’s at-risk-of-poverty threshold, compared to 17 percent of the majority populations. And although income poverty captures only one dimension of Roma poverty, it still signals injustice and inequality. In this chapter, we discuss poverty through the lens of justice, focusing on structural racism, wealth gap, and racialized neighborhoods. We call for a focus on racism, state-sponsored injustices, and wealth gap, as fundamental elements in the research and policy agendas focusing on racialized poverty. We argue that policies taking a justice approach - economic justice, healthy environments and environmental justice, racial and reparatory justice - may better address income and wealth poverty and racial injustice and inequalities.
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