Malthus Across Nations
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Malthus Across Nations

The Reception of Thomas Robert Malthus in Europe, America and Japan

Edited by Gilbert Faccarello, Masashi Izumo and Hiromi Morishita

The writings of Thomas Robert Malthus continue to resonate today, particularly An Essay on the Principle of Population which was published more than two centuries ago. Malthus Across Nations creates a fascinating picture of the circulation of his economic and demographic ideas across different countries, highlighting the reception of his works in a variety of nations and cultures. This unique book offers not only a fascinating piece of comparative analysis in the history of economic thought but also places some of today’s most pressing debates into an accurate historical perspective, thereby improving our understanding of them.
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Chapter 4: The reception of Malthus in Germany and Austria in the 19th century

Christian Gehrke


This chapter surveys the debates triggered by Malthus’s Essay on Population in the German-speaking countries in the 19th century and also takes a closer look at the reception of Malthus’s theory of overproduction and crises. The main focus is on the controversial debates among socialists and Marxists in the German-speaking countries over the Malthusian population theory. In addition, the chapter also looks at the reception of Malthus’s contributions by the leading economic theorists of the first half of the 19th century, the representatives of the German historical school, and the first-generation Austrian economists.

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