Regions and the Future of Europe
Edited by Gabriele Abels and Jan Battke
Chapter 13: Regions as lobbyists
The chapter discusses three questions: (1) Why do regions lobby? (2) On what issues and how do regions lobby? (3) Should we care about this lobbying activity? Elements explaining the why of regional lobbying have to do with the transformation of the architecture of government in Europe, the resulting supranationalisation–regionalisation conundrum, and the consequent overlap in competences between the regional and EU levels. Regarding the what and how question, the chapter distinguishes three types of lobbying objectives (institutional, regulatory, and financial) and two types of lobbying channels (intra- and extra-state). Regarding the so what question, the chapter outlines accountability and inequality challenges. It concludes on a more positive note, however, highlighting how the EU’s political system tends to share costs and benefits across wide coalitions of actors, and how greater output legitimacy tends to be achieved through a strengthening of input legitimacy.
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