Bicameralism under Pressure
Edited by Richard Albert, Antonia Baraggia and Cristina Fasone
Chapter 7: Concluding chapter - Bicameralism in multi-tiered systems
The concluding chapter of Part I explores the significance of upper houses in territorially divided states and does so with a comparative perspective. On the one hand, it highlights that some requirements have to be fulfilled to enable upper houses to give a voice to sub-state interests. On the other hand, it presents the alternatives to upper houses to ensure territorial representation. Finally, the commentary concludes pointing to the procedural complexity of bicameral arrangements in multi-tiered systems of governance, in particular when federal arrangements at domestic level are coupled with the participation in a process of supranational integration as in the EU.
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