Bicameralism under Pressure
Edited by Richard Albert, Antonia Baraggia and Cristina Fasone
Chapter 9: Defending bicameralism and equalising powers: The case of Peru
This chapter explores the relationship between bicameralism and the separation-of-power doctrine through the case of Peru, the most parliamentarised presidentialism in Latin America. In 1992, the Constituent Assembly of Peru proposed to establish only one chamber, along with a Permanent Commission (or Committee) that would take most of the former Peruvian Senate’s competencies. The Permanent Commission of Peru has a long history, since its origins lie in the Diputación Permanente of the Constitution of Cadiz. The purpose of this chapter is twofold as it aims to determine: whether the Permanent Commission can be conceived as a second chamber under the justifications and the rationales provided in the literature; and whether, and to what extent, bicameralism should be regarded as a cornerstone of the separation-of-power doctrine.
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