Bicameralism under Pressure
Edited by Richard Albert, Antonia Baraggia and Cristina Fasone
Chapter 11: Concluding chapter - Unicameralism and masked bicameralism
How many shapes can a parliament take? Unicameral, bicameral and even tricameral arrangements stem from the peculiar constitutional history a country has experienced, even though there are common traits behind the choice of a certain parliamentary structure. The chapter deals with the cases of unicameralism and ‘masked’ bicameralism presented in the main chapters of Part II and tries to identify the conditions under which a second chamber can be deemed in existence as well as the pros and cons of having functional bicameralism or second chambers ‘lookalikes’ in place. After briefly reviewing examples of multi-chamber parliaments and of successful abolition of second chambers, the chapter engages with the cases of Bulgaria, Peru and Ireland as paradigmatic experiences of the tension between unicameralism and bicameralism.
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