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THE PARIS AGREEMENT ON CLIMATE CHANGE

A Commentary

GEERT VAN CALSTER, LEONIE REINS

Providing in-depth coverage of each article of the Paris Agreement, this Commentary offers a comprehensive, legal analysis of this most recent and important international instrument on climate change. This provision-by-provision textual analysis examines the commitments that parties to the Agreement have made to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects, whilst providing additional support to developing countries.
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CONTENTS

Extended contents

List of contributors

Table of cases

Table of legislation

Introduction –The Paris Agreement on Climate Change

Leonie Reins and Geert Van Calster

The Preamble

Ben Boer

Article 1 Scope of obligations: terms and definitions

Rowena Cantley-Smith

Article 2 Aims, objectives and principles

Navraj Singh Ghaleigh

Article 3 Aims, objectives and principles

Navraj Singh Ghaleigh and Cleo Verkuijl

Article 4 Mitigation

Benoît Mayer

Article 5 Sinks, reservoirs of GHGs and forests

Annalisa Savaresi and Lucia Perugini

Article 6 Voluntary cooperation/NDCs

Matthieu Wemaëre

Article 7 Adaptation

Cathrine Ramstad Wenger

Article 8 Loss and damage

Elisa Calliari, Lisa Vanhala, Linnéa Nordlander, Daniel Puig, Fatemeh Bakhtiari, Md Fahad Hossain, Saleemul Huq, and M. Feisal Rahman

Article 9 Finance

Michael Mehling

Article 10 Technology development and transfer

Matthew Rimmer

Article 11 Capacity-building

Gokce Mete

Article 12 Education and training

Jelena Bäumler and Thomas Schomerus

Article 13 Enhanced transparency framework for action and support

Harro van Asselt and Kati Kulovesi

Article 14 The global stocktake

Marjan Peeters

Article 15 Compliance mechanism

Lisa Benjamin, Rueanna Haynes and Bryce Rudyk

Article 16 Institutional provisions

Jed Odermatt

Article 17 Institutional provisions

Jed Odermatt

Article 18 Institutional provisions

Jed Odermatt

Article 19 Institutional provisions

Jed Odermatt

Article 20 Concluding the Paris Agreement: signature and consent to be bound

Rowena Cantley-Smith

Article 21 Entry into force and ratification

Rowena Cantley-Smith

Article 22 Amending the Paris Agreement

Rowena Cantley-Smith

Article 23 Annexes to the Paris Agreement

Rowena Cantley-Smith

Article 24 Settlement of disputes under the Paris Agreement

Rowena Cantley-Smith

Article 25 Voting rights

Rowena Cantley-Smith

Article 26 Depositary of the Paris Agreement

Rowena Cantley-Smith

Article 27 Reservations to the Paris Agreement

Rowena Cantley-Smith

Article 28 Withdrawal from the Paris Agreement

Rowena Cantley-Smith

Article 29 Authentication and adoption of the Paris Agreement’s text

Rowena Cantley-Smith

Index