Entrepreneurial Ecosystems Meet Innovation Systems
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Entrepreneurial Ecosystems Meet Innovation Systems

Synergies, Policy Lessons and Overlooked Dimensions

Edited by Alexandra Tsvetkova, Jana Schmutzler and Rhiannon Pugh

This book presents multidisciplinary research that expands our understanding of the innovation system (IS) and the entrepreneurial ecosystem (EE) perspectives on regional economic development. It critically reviews the two concepts and explores the promise and the limits of bridging IS and EE, particularly as applied outside of the bubbling global hubs or to the types of entrepreneurship different from the high-growth variety.
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Chapter 4: The role of diaspora in entrepreneurial ecosystems and national innovation systems

Veneta Andonova, Jonathan A. Perez-Lopez and Jana Schmutzler


The role of diaspora for national innovation systems and entrepreneurial ecosystems has so far not been systematically studied. Despite the fact that both are geographically limited and location-bound concepts exposed to the forces of migration, we show that they relate to the diaspora in markedly different ways. Taking the case of nine Balkan countries, we provide empirical evidence consistent with the idea that entrepreneurial ecosystems can benefit from links with the diaspora that reverses the brain drain into a brain gain. However, due to several reasons we discuss in detail, we did not observe a similar phenomenon in the case of national innovation systems.

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