Synergies, Policy Lessons and Overlooked Dimensions
Edited by Alexandra Tsvetkova, Jana Schmutzler and Rhiannon Pugh
Chapter 4: The role of diaspora in entrepreneurial ecosystems and national innovation systems
The role of diaspora for national innovation systems and entrepreneurial ecosystems has so far not been systematically studied. Despite the fact that both are geographically limited and location-bound concepts exposed to the forces of migration, we show that they relate to the diaspora in markedly different ways. Taking the case of nine Balkan countries, we provide empirical evidence consistent with the idea that entrepreneurial ecosystems can benefit from links with the diaspora that reverses the brain drain into a brain gain. However, due to several reasons we discuss in detail, we did not observe a similar phenomenon in the case of national innovation systems.
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