The Innovation Society and Intellectual Property
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The Innovation Society and Intellectual Property

Edited by Josef Drexl and Anselm Kamperman Sanders

Intellectual property (IP) rights impact innovation in diverse ways. This book critically analyses whether additional rights beyond patents, trademarks and copyrights are needed to promote innovation. Featuring contributions from thought-leaders in the field of IP, this book examines the check and balances that already exist in the IP system to safeguard innovation and questions to what extent existing IP regimes are capable of catering to new paradigms of innovation and creativity.
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Chapter 3: Geographical indications and innovation: what is the connection?

Anke Moerland


Geographical indications (GIs) and innovation do not seem to fit well together. A GI system requires applicants to stipulate the product specifications with which each user needs to comply in order to use the GI. Improvements to the GI-protected product require changes to these specifications. This may constitute a hurdle to innovation. This chapter analyses whether and how the GI system stimulates innovation. In particular, incentives to create new or improved products, services or production processes are identified on the basis of the rationales for protecting GIs. These incentives are linked to the different stages of the product development cycle and the relevant actor who is addressed by the incentive. Finally, the role of the State in promoting innovation is discussed.

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