Nordic Perspectives on Nature-based Tourism
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Nordic Perspectives on Nature-based Tourism

From Place-based Resources to Value-added Experiences

Edited by Peter Fredman and Jan V. Haukeland

Nature-based tourism (NBT) is a sector where entrepreneurial success is highly knowledge driven. This insightful book offers a comprehensive evaluation of NBT in a Nordic context, highlighting how long-established Nordic traditions of outdoor recreation practices can reveal lessons for the field more broadly. Chapters explore Nordic and international perspectives, local communities, market dynamics, firms, creativity, innovations and value-added experience products.
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Chapter 6: Planning the tourism landscape across protected area borders

Knut Bjørn Stokke and Morten Clemetsen


The aim of this chapter is to discuss experiences with spatial planning across protected area borders in order to facilitate nature-based tourism in a sustainable way, in relation to the environment and the affected communities. We have studied three different Norwegian national parks, including adjacent landscapes and communities. The results are discussed in the light of similar European experiences. The study reveals a rather limited level of integrated planning practices across protected area borders. New trends related to delegation of management responsibility of protected areas, introduction of branding and visitor strategies for national parks, and the emergence of regional parks have only to a limited extent improved integrated planning in order to facilitate nature-based tourism and community development. The most promising trend is the interest in regional parks observed in many Norwegian municipalities, which is inspired by European regional nature parks, particularly the Swiss model.

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