Regions and Innovation Policies in Europe
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Regions and Innovation Policies in Europe

Learning from the Margins

Edited by Manuel González-López and Bjørn T. Asheim

Offering a novel contribution within the growing field of regional innovation policies, this book combines recent theoretical developments and empirical contributions, with a particular focus on non-core regions. Leading academics in the field discuss the topics of regional path transformation, place-based strategies and policy learning. Also included are sections on the role of EU institutions on the promotion of regional innovation and the analysis and comparison of the innovation policies experiences of four non-core European regions.
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Chapter 4: Regional autonomy and innovation policy

Elisabeth Baier and Andrea Zenker

Abstract

Regional innovation policy is determined by different rationales and philosophies at numerous governance levels. Whether it can unfold its full potential, relies inter alia upon the degree of regional autonomy. In this contribution, we review the topic of regional autonomy, referring to the most recent theoretical contributions in the innovation systems framework and decentralisation processes by taking a dynamic approach. We analyse transformation processes as regards the state of regional autonomy by proposing a set of indicators for European regions suitable for the operationalisation of regional autonomy. Our findings show a variability across Europe as well as a certain evolution over time. Processes of transformation are mainly triggered by policies on the supra-national level and incorporate a shift in the hierarchical power relationship between the nation state and its regions, a management dimension on the operational level, and a resource dimension by actively leveraging efficiency potentials.

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