Regions and Innovation Policies in Europe
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Regions and Innovation Policies in Europe

Learning from the Margins

Edited by Manuel González-López and Bjørn T. Asheim

Offering a novel contribution within the growing field of regional innovation policies, this book combines recent theoretical developments and empirical contributions, with a particular focus on non-core regions. Leading academics in the field discuss the topics of regional path transformation, place-based strategies and policy learning. Also included are sections on the role of EU institutions on the promotion of regional innovation and the analysis and comparison of the innovation policies experiences of four non-core European regions.
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Chapter 6: An overview of the European Union innovation policy from the regional perspective

María del Carmen Sánchez-Carreira

Abstract

This chapter discusses the European Union (EU) innovation policy, focusing on its key moments, rationales, objectives, tools and trends. Among other actions, the Framework Programmes (FPs) and the European Structural Funds are significant. The EU innovation policy has traditionally focused on research, according to the linear model of innovation. However, innovation has been gradually introduced. The EU innovation policy is characterised by a multilevel model, in which the regions have increasingly become relevant actors. Thus, the chapter tackles the regional perspective in the EU innovation policy. It also refers to the links between EU innovation and regional cohesion policies, from the background to the current smart specialisation strategies. The EU innovation policy, and mainly the FPs, have hardly considered the territorial dimension, the economic development and the innovation level of the regions. Several attempts to include some cohesion element in the EU innovation policy have been made over time, through different tools.

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