Regions and Innovation Policies in Europe
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Regions and Innovation Policies in Europe

Learning from the Margins

Edited by Manuel González-López and Bjørn T. Asheim

Offering a novel contribution within the growing field of regional innovation policies, this book combines recent theoretical developments and empirical contributions, with a particular focus on non-core regions. Leading academics in the field discuss the topics of regional path transformation, place-based strategies and policy learning. Also included are sections on the role of EU institutions on the promotion of regional innovation and the analysis and comparison of the innovation policies experiences of four non-core European regions.
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Chapter 7: Regional Innovation Systems and regional disparities in the Euro area: insights for regional innovation policy

Óscar Rodil-Marzábal and Xavier Vence-Deza

Abstract

In recent decades many structural and institutional changes have reshaped the economic and social European landscape. The ongoing industrial restructuring from the 1970s, the new technologies, the globalization process, the neoliberal paradigm and the European integration were major drivers of this reshaping. One of the intriguing trends from the past four decades is the evolution of regional disparities. The evidence of the increasing regional disparities in parallel to the deeper EU integration presents a challenge both for economic growth theories and for policy makers. The increasing disparities in growth rates across European countries and regions, especially since the Great Recession, has reopened the debate concerning regional disparities and the drivers of regional growth. This chapter discusses the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) regions from the introduction of the Euro to the present, focusing on features of the regional innovation system to explain the economic growth.

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