Regions and Innovation Policies in Europe
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Regions and Innovation Policies in Europe

Learning from the Margins

Edited by Manuel González-López and Bjørn T. Asheim

Offering a novel contribution within the growing field of regional innovation policies, this book combines recent theoretical developments and empirical contributions, with a particular focus on non-core regions. Leading academics in the field discuss the topics of regional path transformation, place-based strategies and policy learning. Also included are sections on the role of EU institutions on the promotion of regional innovation and the analysis and comparison of the innovation policies experiences of four non-core European regions.
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Chapter 10: The evolution of regional innovation policy in a peripheral area: the case of Apulia region

Ivano Dileo and Francesco Losurdo

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the evolution of regional innovation policies in the peripheral area of Apulia region in Italy. Despite the efforts of national and regional governments to improve its knowledge infrastructure, Apulia region’s research and innovation (R & I) system and policy are characterized by diverse strengths and weaknesses. The region shows structural constraints and has experienced sectoral crisis in traditional manufacturing that serves to impede its performance as an innovative region within the European context. A lower value of regional gross domestic product (GDP) and the relative fragmentation of research activities acts as barriers that slow the transformation of the regional system into a highly technological environment. Nevertheless, some areas of excellence such as the mechatronics and aerospace districts, the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) district, and start-ups are creating new opportunities and linkages between firms and knowledge infrastructure, as well as expanding R & I activities, in attempts to increase the rate of skilled human capital employed in local firms.

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