Environmental Fiscal Challenges for Cities and Transport
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Environmental Fiscal Challenges for Cities and Transport

Edited by Marta Villar Ezcurra, Janet E. Milne, Hope Ashiabor and Mikael Skou Andersen

As populations become increasingly concentrated in urban centres and mega cities, while demands on transportation continue to grow, the question of how to mitigate the environmental footprint of these trends is ever more pressing. This comprehensive book demonstrates the potentially significant role of environmental taxation and other market-based instruments in meeting these challenges.
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Chapter 14: Ex-post cost-benefit analysis of environmentally related tax policies: building on programme evaluation studies

Jonas Teusch and Nils Axel Braathen

Abstract

How can policy analysts use empirical programme evaluation studies to perform ex-post assessments of environmentally related tax policies? A number of studies credibly identify causal effects of environmentally related tax policies, but do not necessarily provide all the information needed to fully inform the policy-making process. This chapter argues that cost-benefit analysis (CBA) could enrich ex-post assessments of environmentally related tax policies, given that CBA provides decision makers with a broader perspective of social costs and benefits and allows the identification of potential trade-offs among policy objectives. These points are developed and illustrated by reference to the initial effects caused by the French feebate programme for carbon dioxide-efficient motor vehicles after its introduction in 2008. The analysis reveals the practical relevance of considering non-climate externalities, such as local air pollution, the social cost of the fiscal revenue losses and changes in producer and consumer surplus.

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