The Belt and Road Initiative and Global Governance
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The Belt and Road Initiative and Global Governance

Edited by Maria A. Carrai, Jean-Christophe Defraigne and Jan Wouters

This timely book examines the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), assessing its effect on the international economic order and global governance more broadly. Through a variety of qualitative case studies, the book investigates the implementation of the BRI and evaluates its development outcomes both for China and the countries it interacts with under the initiative, along with its international implications.
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Chapter 12: Conclusion: China’s Belt and Road Initiative – imagination and reality

François Godement


The Conclusion provides a general critical overview on the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). While recognizing the multifaceted dimensions of the BRI and its amorphous nature, the chapter discusses the BRI as a strategy; but again it is a hybrid strategy that lacks a grand design and in which the central Chinese state often lacks control over its economic actors abroad. After describing a possible clash of norms that define the future global governance between China’s BRI and Europe and other liberal countries, the Conclusion provides some policy recommendations on how to engage with the BRI in order to commonly shape the future structures of global governance.

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