Smart Cities in the Post-algorithmic Era
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Smart Cities in the Post-algorithmic Era

Integrating Technologies, Platforms and Governance

Edited by Nicos Komninos and Christina Kakderi

Examining the changing nature of cities in the face of smart technology, this book studies key new challenges and capabilities defined by the Internet of Things, data science, blockchain and artificial intelligence. It argues that using algorithmic logic alone for automation and optimisation in modern smart cities is not sufficient, and analyses the importance of integrating this with strong participatory governance and digital platforms for community action.
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Chapter 12: Smart cities, ‘sharing’ and platform impact

Jeroen Oskam

Abstract

This chapter analyses how the concept of ‘sharing’ relates to the smart city paradigm. Theories on ‘sharing’ and on smart cities have discursive resemblances, as both seek to connect communities, to empower residents and to promote the efficient use of resources. However, if we look at the actual practice of what is known as ‘sharing’, rather than taking the prescriptive perspective of what it ought to be, this practice may contradict its original inspiration and, therefore, the purpose of smart cities. The chapter will look at the origins and development of Uber and Airbnb, analyse their growth dynamics as ‘multisided platforms’ as well as their influence on incumbents and their negative externalities. The conclusion is that platforms rely on secrecy as a strategic weapon, and that they disempower citizens by contributing to the commodification of their neighbourhoods.

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