Edited by Jean-Christophe Dissart and Natacha Seigneuret
Chapter 7: Territorial energy transition strategies: new models for cooperation between actors and resource management?
Since the beginning of the 2000s, in several European cities, territorial planning strategies have included climate change adaptation objectives to bring about an economic, social and ecological transition. Focusing on energy as a local resource, Novarina and Seigneuret examine the new local strategies of energy transition and the modes of governance that underpin them. The initial comparative analysis of 20 European cities leads them to focus on three cases: Bristol (England), Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany) and Grenoble (France). The in-depth study, based on document analysis and in situ investigations, enables them to understand the drivers of urban ecosystems that foster the emergence of social and technological innovations in order to manage energy at the local level. In particular, the analysis shows a process of cooperation aimed at reducing technological uncertainty and increasing the stakeholders’ innovation skills, but with local specificities: an integrated and inclusive strategy in Freiburg; an objective-based, pragmatic approach in Bristol; and an incremental strategy, based on demonstration projects, in Grenoble. Overall, the analysis shows that the differences between territorial energy strategies do not stem primarily from a differentiated endowment of resources but rather from the diversity of actors, their degree of mobilisation and the extent to which they share the same vision of the qualities of the territory they inhabit and the potential to transform it.
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