Origins and Evolution of Environmental Policies
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Origins and Evolution of Environmental Policies

State, Time and Regional Experiences

Edited by Tadayoshi Terao and Tsuruyo Funatsu

This unique book traces the origins and evolution of environmental policy formation, comparing the differences in this process between developing and developed countries. It focuses on the importance of the state’s role and issues of timing and sequence in the creation of environmental policies.
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Chapter 2: Resource and environmental policies during economic development: formation of latecomer public policy in late industrialization

Tadayoshi Terao


This paper examines the features of resource and environmental policy formation in late industrialized countries of East and Southeast Asia and in some developed countries. It also attempts to explore the structural obstacles that the formation of the resource and environmental policies encountered. More specifically, this chapter focuses on two different aspects of “latecomer” in the processes of resource and environmental policy formation and economic development. First, formation of these policies often takes place only after other public policies are formulated: in this aspect, resource and environmental policies can be regarded as “latecomer” public policies. Second, while the “latecomer” feature of resource and environmental policies are commonly observed both in developed and developing countries, these policies tend to face with more obstacles in late industrializing countries. These countries of “latecomer” position in economic development tend to take priority on industrial development rather than resource conservation and environmental protection. In this chapter, it is emphasized that this fact affects the formation and implementation of environmental policies negatively as the environmental agencies and laws are incorporated after the establishment of other governmental bodies.

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