State, Time and Regional Experiences
Edited by Tadayoshi Terao and Tsuruyo Funatsu
Chapter 2: Resource and environmental policies during economic development: formation of latecomer public policy in late industrialization
This paper examines the features of resource and environmental policy formation in late industrialized countries of East and Southeast Asia and in some developed countries. It also attempts to explore the structural obstacles that the formation of the resource and environmental policies encountered. More specifically, this chapter focuses on two different aspects of “latecomer” in the processes of resource and environmental policy formation and economic development. First, formation of these policies often takes place only after other public policies are formulated: in this aspect, resource and environmental policies can be regarded as “latecomer” public policies. Second, while the “latecomer” feature of resource and environmental policies are commonly observed both in developed and developing countries, these policies tend to face with more obstacles in late industrializing countries. These countries of “latecomer” position in economic development tend to take priority on industrial development rather than resource conservation and environmental protection. In this chapter, it is emphasized that this fact affects the formation and implementation of environmental policies negatively as the environmental agencies and laws are incorporated after the establishment of other governmental bodies.
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