The Responses of Follower Countries
Edited by Etsuyo Michida, John Humphrey and David Vogel
Chapter 4: Diffusion mechanisms for regulating fishery products: the cases of Tanzania, Madagascar, and Mauritius
To clarify the diffusion mechanisms of food safety regulations in developing countries, this chapter examines how three African fish-exporting countries - Tanzania, Madagascar, and Mauritius - responded to a new food hygiene regulation adopted by the European Union (EU), which is significant export market. A comparative study among the three countries showed that one regulatory change has different impacts on the extent and speed of how each country modifies its legal framework. Two factors explain the difference. The first one is the importance of the fishery sector in each country. The more important the EU market is for each country, the faster and more proactively it will respond. The other factor is the existence of regional organizations that harmonize different food safety regulations among their member countries. If there is a regional standard, the country needs more time to modify its standards to meet any new EU requirements.
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