The Diffusion of Public and Private Sustainability Regulations
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The Diffusion of Public and Private Sustainability Regulations

The Responses of Follower Countries

Edited by Etsuyo Michida, John Humphrey and David Vogel

This book focuses on the spread of public and private environmental and food safety regulations from Europe and North America to Asia and Africa. It explores the growth of policy diffusion and standard alignment on sustainability observed in non-Western follower countries in a globalizing world.
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Chapter 6: The diffusion of energy efficiency policies in Asian countries: country-specific drivers of policy followers

Michikazu Kojima


To mitigate urgent global environmental problems such as climate change, energy efficiency policies have been adopted across countries. The timing of policy adoption by followers should be studied as a means of understanding ways to accelerate policy diffusion. This chapter reviews the diffusion of energy efficiency policies in selected Asian countries, by focusing on common country-specific drivers of the introduction of energy efficiency policies during four time periods: around 1980, from 1983 to 1989, from 1990 to 2005, and after 2005. By comparing the characteristics of countries at the time when they adopted such policies reveals that the country-specific factors affecting their actions are self-reliance rate in energy consumption, energy intensity and cooperation from donor. It also shows that timing of adopting the policy are affected by not only country specific factors, but also international circumstances such as international relations, oil prices, and emerging international regime on climate change.

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