Economic Instruments for a Low-carbon Future
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Economic Instruments for a Low-carbon Future

Edited by Theodoros Zachariadis, Janet E. Milne, Mikael Skou Andersen and Hope Ashiabor

Critically assessing recent developments in environmental and tax legislation, and in particular low-carbon strategies, this timely book analyses the implementation of market-based instruments for achieving climate stabilisation objectives around the world.
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Chapter 3: The new Brazilian net metering system: a case study of the sustainable development of the country’s energy matrix with renewable sources

José Maria McCall Zanocchi


Resolution 482/2012 of the Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency (ANEEL) sets forth the Brazilian net metering system. It sets forth the general conditions for the access of small scale power plants to the electricity distribution grid and creates a compensation system where consumers can offset their energy bills with the energy injected to the system. In 2015, ANEEL amended the rule and democratized access conditions to the new net metering system, by setting forth a wider variety of schemes such as the “remote auto consumption” and the “shared generation” models. The model sets forth market-base instruments that have been combined with tax incentives so as to induce desired sustainable patterns of production based on renewable sources and the substitution of carbon intensive alternatives. The aim of the chapter will be to study the practical case as a win-win model for the sustainable development of the country’s energy matrix.

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