Introduction to the relationships between economic geography and industries: theory, empirics and modes of analysis
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The broad field of economic geography and spatial economics, comprising areas such as regional science, urban economics, new economic geography as well as traditional economic geography, is a research arena which has burgeoned since the early 1990s. Much of the current conceptual and methodological framework of the field has a long tradition dating back well into the mid-twentieth century. However, the renewed surge of interest in the field during the early 1990s was largely in response to the analytical work of various seminal authors including Allan Scott (1988), Michael Porter (1990), Paul Krugman (1991), and Edward Glaeser (Glaeser et al., 1992), as well as the empirical work of Luc Anselin (1988), whose ideas and arguments reignited investigations in all aspects of spatial-economic phenomena ranging from the role of cities and regions in economic growth, to factor mobility, knowledge spillovers and firm strategy. As well as providing novel analytical arguments for numerous scholars to build on, the importance of the work of these commentators is twofold, namely awareness and timing. First, their arguments attracted the attention of a wide range of scholars from many different disciplines, and in particular: business and management studies; organizational studies; political science and sociology; as well as from the established audiences within economics and geography. As such, the potential interactions between geography and economics became topics for discussion and analysis from a greater variety of perspectives.