The Elgar Companion to John Maynard Keynes
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The Elgar Companion to John Maynard Keynes

Edited by Robert W. Dimand and Harald Hagemann

The most influential and controversial economist of the twentieth century, John Maynard Keynes was the leading founder of modern macroeconomics, and was also an important historical figure as a critic of the Versailles Peace Treaty after World War I and an architect of the Bretton Woods international monetary system after World War II. This comprehensive Companion elucidates his contributions, his significance, his historical context and his continuing legacy.
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Chapter 4: The Bloomsbury Group

Victoria Chick


The Bloomsbury Group were friends, mostly from their undergraduate years in Cambridge, who began to meet at 46 Gordon Square in 1904. They talked far into the night about absolutely anything, supported each other in their work and at play, and blew away the stifling fog of Victorian values. Their lifestyle was revolutionary for the time. Most of them were writers or artists; Keynes, whose destiny lay within the Establishment, was their exception – an exception that proved their unwritten rule, that friendship was their highest value. They were not only hugely productive, they broke new ground, in painting (Vanessa Bell, Duncan Grant), art criticism (Roger Fry), biography (Lytton Strachey) and fiction (Virginia Woolf). They gave another dimension to Keynes’s life and influenced his thinking and his writing style.

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