Research Handbook on Climate Change Mitigation Law
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Research Handbook on Climate Change Mitigation Law

Edited by Geert Van Calster, Wim Vandenberghe and Leonie Reins

Governments around the world have been trying to find ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for decades. This detailed Handbook considers the spectrum of legal and market-based instruments as well as strategies and policies adopted around the world and suggests more effective, comprehensive and responsive ways of managing climate change mitigation.
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Chapter 16: Land use, land use change and forestry: Asia-Pacific

Bradley Evans


The Asia-Pacific region covers one quarter of Earth’s surface but only 15 per cent of the total forest and woodland area (hereafter, forested area, see Figure 16.1). Considering only the geographically larger countries in the region (see Table 16.1), Australia, China and Indonesia combined have 69 per cent of the total forested area in 2011. Contrastingly, and again considering only the larger countries (Japan, Papua New Guinea and Laos), all have greater than 60 per cent of their land area under forest while Australia and China have less than 25 per cent of their total land under forest and Indonesia remains around 50 per cent forested. Comparing forested area globally, the Asia-Pacific, at around 28 per cent total forested area, is the least forested of all regions.3 Yet still, the Asia-Pacific remains the world leader in tropical and semi-tropical plantation forestry. Given that tropical plantations are highly productive and their products of high demand, the Asia-Pacific and its flagship foresters (Australia, China and Indonesia) are likely to continue to play an important role in supplying forest products in the future.

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