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The prevailing wind: recent developments, challenges and future prospects for wind energy in the coastal zone in key jurisdictions in the Asia-Pacific region

David Leary

Keywords: coastal zone; offshore wind energy; renewable energy; market-based mechanisms; environmental impact assessment; China; Japan; South Korea; Australia

This article provides an update on recent developments in wind energy use in the coastal zone (both onshore and offshore) in the Asia-Pacific region with a particular focus on China, South Korea, Japan and Australia. The focus of the article is on legal and policy measures in these jurisdictions relevant to recent developments in wind energy in the coastal zone. It argues that a range of policy measures, especially market-based mechanisms built around obligations to purchase renewable energy, including portfolio standard or quota systems, feed-in tariffs and renewable energy targets have been central to the promotion of renewable energy more broadly, and wind energy in the coastal zone in particular. However, all jurisdictions have experienced some measure of policy inconsistency as significant changes or abolition of various marketplace mechanisms have occurred over the past decade. This is contrary to industry demands for policy certainty. The article also examines the central role of environmental impact assessment in development of renewable energy projects in the coastal zone.

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